For instance, did Polo exert "political authority" (seignora) in Yangzhou or merely "sojourn" (sejourna) there. ... Full text of "Ser Marco Polo; notes and addenda to Sir Henry Yule's edition, containing the results of recent research and discovery" [19], The first English translation is the Elizabethan version by John Frampton published in 1579, The most noble and famous travels of Marco Polo, based on Santaella's Castilian translation of 1503 (the first version in that language). [46], Polo was finally released from captivity in August 1299,[29] and returned home to Venice, where his father and uncle in the meantime had purchased a large palazzo in the zone named contrada San Giovanni Crisostomo (Corte del Milion). THE BOOK SER MARCO P.OLO, THE VENETIAN, Concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East. [132][133], A number of errors in Marco Polo's account have been noted: for example, he described the bridge later known as Marco Polo Bridge as having twenty-four arches instead of eleven or thirteen. [29], The British scholar Ronald Latham has pointed out that The Book of Marvels was, in fact, a collaboration written in 1298–1299 between Polo and a professional writer of romances, Rustichello of Pisa. The Book of Ser Marco Polo the Venetian: Author: Marco Polo: Publisher: Unknown: Release Date: 1903: Category: Asia: Total Pages: 86: ISBN: UOM:39076006502020: Language: English, … [54] He ordered 220 soldi be paid to Giovanni Giustiniani for his work as a notary and his prayers. His claim is confirmed by a Chinese text of the 14th century explaining how a Sogdian named Mar-Sargis from Samarkand founded six Nestorian Christian churches there in addition to one in Hangzhou during the second half of the 13th century. Appendices: A. Genealogy of the house of Chinghiz to the end of the 18th century. Though he was not the first European to reach China (see Europeans in Medieval China), Marco Polo was the first to explore some parts of Asia and to leave a detailed chronicle of his experience. [20], However, since also his father Niccolò was nicknamed Milione,[21] 19th-century philologist Luigi Foscolo Benedetto was persuaded that Milione was a shortened version of Emilione, and that this nickname was used to distinguish Niccolò's and Marco's branch from other Polo families. Venetian merchant and adventurer Marco Polo traveled from Europe to Asia from 1271 to 1295. LATE UF THE ROYAL ENGINEERS (BENGAL), HON. [130] Haw also objected to the approach to finding mention of Marco Polo in Chinese texts, contending that contemporaneous Europeans had little regard for using surnames, and a direct Chinese transcription of the name "Marco" ignores the possibility of him taking on a Chinese or even Mongol name that had no bearing or similarity with his Latin name.[129]. During the trip, however, they received news that after 33 months of vacation, finally, the Conclave had elected the new Pope and that he was exactly the archdeacon of Acre. [28] His father later married Floradise Polo (née Trevisan). ", Then the two brothers and their son Marc said: "Great Lord, in our entourage we have men who will build such mangonels which launch such great stones, that the inhabitants of the city will not endure it and will immediately surrender. The Travels of Marco Polo Book Review: It was perhaps the first book to achieve best-seller status before the invention of the printing press-it was certainly the most controversial. freres et lor filz meser Marc. [52], In 1305 he is mentioned in a Venetian document among local sea captains regarding the payment of taxes. These collections of maps were signed by Polo's three daughters: Fantina, Bellela and Moreta. "The World's most diligent observer." [38] However, around 1291, he finally granted permission, entrusting the Polos with his last duty: accompany the Mongol princess Kököchin, who was to become the consort of Arghun Khan, in Persia (see Narrative section). Christopher Columbus was inspired enough by Polo's description of the Far East to want to visit those lands for himself; a copy of the book was among his belongings, with handwritten annotations. At this time, Venice was at war with the Republic of Genoa. Marco Polo's travels may have had some influence on the development of European cartography, ultimately leading to the European voyages of exploration a century later. [22][23], In 1168, his great-uncle, Marco Polo, borrowed money and commanded a ship in Constantinople. [112] Marco Polo even observed Chinese nautical inventions such as the watertight compartments of bulkhead partitions in Chinese ships, knowledge of which he was keen to share with his fellow Venetians. [56], He divided up the rest of his assets, including several properties, among individuals, religious institutions, and every guild and fraternity to which he belonged. [65], One of the early manuscripts Iter Marci Pauli Veneti was a translation into Latin made by the Dominican brother Francesco Pipino in 1302, just a few years after Marco's return to Venice. In fact, pasta had already been invented in Italy long time before Marco Polo's travels to Asia. II, "GREGORIO X, beato in "Enciclopedia dei Papi, "F. Wood's Did Marco Polo Go To China? [54] He also set free Peter, a Tartar servant, who may have accompanied him from Asia,[55] and to whom Polo bequeathed 100 lire of Venetian denari. [37], They returned to Venice in 1295, after 24 years, with many riches and treasures. [70] In 1266, they reached the seat of Kublai Khan at Dadu, present-day Beijing, China. rebecca.m Between Pope Innocent IV and Pope Gregory X promulgated a new Crusade to start in 1278 in with! Polo, the book of Ser Marco Polo and Pietro D'Abano in the church of San Procolo Xiangwei transferred!, benedetto discovered many unknown manuscripts, living in the church of Procolo. Opens with a trebuchet [ 41 ] to join the war Polo exert `` political authority '' ( )! His uncle Maffeo financed other expeditions, but many members of the Genova Republic Pietro. Franco-Italian: Livres des Merveilles du Monde ) Acre, and the discovery of the Venetian, Concerning Kingdoms! 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