Notable members of this group are Indian sandalwood (Santalum album) and Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum); others in the genus also have fragrant wood. A clarification to this effect from the state government has brought a big relief to farmers. Mature sandalwood trees weigh around 100 kg, of which 20 kg is the aromatic heartwood, which in turn produces between 600-700ml of oil per tree. 2 Million by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 9.1% over the period 2020-2027. In India, Hawaii and Australia, sandalwood bark and leaves were used as a laundry soap, shampoo for dandruff and lice, and to treat wounds and body aches. Twice per week, you can give it half a litre (.5 quart) of water. The tree starts to flower after 7 years. The risk of keeping infected trees within a plantation; Heartwood Formation and Oil Content. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. They prefer full sun but will grow in part shade. $3.89 shipping. Care for sandalwood plants is very simple because they are so tolerant of tough growing situations, but they must be provided with host plants to grow properly. Australian sandalwood. Because of this highly desired fragrance, native varieties of sandalwood in India and Hawaii were nearly harvested to extinction in the 1800s. Some trees develop heartwood between 4 and 6 years of age, others when they are between 15 and 20 years old, and others never develop it at all. This information booklet provides a technical guide on how to raise seedlings, establish and manage Sandalwood in the ﬁeld. In India, sandalwood’s tendency to use Acacia and Casuarina trees as host plants caused the government to enforce growing restrictions on sandalwood. Plants are harvested between 10-30 years of age because the natural essential oils increase in potency with age. The maturity period for Red Sandalwood trees is 12-15 years. They are used in the landscape as hedges, specimen plants, shade trees and xeriscaping plants. They will only need transit passes if they wish to transport the timber. The large scale Red Sander trees can be grown through best farming practices under the … Sandalwood's aromatic oil, which is contained in the heart-wood, is only produced when the tree reaches a certain maturity. It is best to water sandalwood in the evening, which prevents excessive evaporation. Sandalwood trees are tolerant of high wind, drought, salt spray and intense heat. Those growing red sandalwood report that it grows fast when young, shooting up to 15 feet (5 m.) in three years before slowing down. So great was the demand for sandalwood by greedy kings of Hawaii that much of the agricultural workers had to grow and harvest only sandalwood. Most people who are into aromatherapy and essential oils are aware of the unique, relaxing fragrance of sandalwood. Soak and dry the seeds. The trunk of the tree starts to develop its fragrance after about 10 years of growth. Rock, page 131. 50 Santalum album Seeds, Sandalwood Seeds,Fragrant sandalwood, White Sandalwood seeds, 3.7 … It has a long history of use in the spiritual practices of both the East and West. A case of theft was registered with Deccan police earlier in the month when a fully grown sandalwood tree was stolen from the premises of Fergusson College in Pune. The sandalwood grown in India has two colours which are available white and red. The trees are slow growing, usually taking about 30 years for the heartwood to reach an economically useful thickness. The Tamil Nadu Sandalwood Trees on Patta Land Rules, 2008, has details on extraction and sale of these trees. In a curious incident, a sandalwood tree growing inside a university in Pune, Maharashtra, has been 'stolen'. A few beachcombers, useful as armourers and interpreters, were adopted by influential chiefs from that time. Plants are harvested between 10-30 years of age because the natural essential oils increase in potency with age. Indigenous to Southeast Asia, Sandalwood is one of the most expensive woods in the world. They prefer a temperature range of 12°-30° C (53°-86° F). Nothing can compare to the smell and complexities of natural sandalwood oil. Both tree and roots contain a yellow aromatic oil, called sandalwood oil, the odour of which persists for years in such articles as ornamental boxes, furniture, and fans made of the white sapwood. If you are using organic cultivation method then you can get the sandalwood tree in 10 to 15 years. They are often found in areas with poor, dry clay or sandy soils. $12.99 $ 12. Omissions? It is not frosted tolerant, being murdered by temperatures of -1°C yet stays well at semi-bone-dry climatic conditions. Many other woods are used as substitutes for true sandalwood. The East African Sandalwood is a shrub or small tree growing to a height of up to 6 m. Since liberalization of rules regarding sandalwood growing in 2001 and 2002 there has been tremendous interest among farmers and stakeholders across India in farming this tree. After the age of seven to eight years, the heartwood of a sandalwood tree grows by 1 kg every year, and its market price is between Rs 3,000 and Rs 6,000 per kg. Pick a sunny climate with moderate rainfall. Be planted in good sunlight and warm regions trunk 50 to 150 cm breadth you can give it a! 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